Conflict

Application seeking arrest of Indian Army Chief over ‘war crimes in Kashmir’ filed in UK

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An armed forces personnel deployed near Ghanta Ghar in Lal Chowk, Srinagar. [FPK File Photo/Vikar Syed.]

‘Indian forces headed by Manoj Naravane, Amit Shah responsible for killings in Kashmir’

A London-based law firm has filed an application with British police seeking the arrest of India’s army chief and a senior official of the Government of India (GoI) over their “roles in war crimes in the disputed region- Kashmir”.

The law firm’s report was based on over 2,000 testimonies taken between 2020 and 2021 by Legal Forum For Kashmir (LFK).

Based on LFK’s report, the law firm Stoke White also accused eight unnamed senior Indian military officials of “direct involvement in war crimes and torture” in Kashmir.

According to the law firm, it submitted extensive evidence to the Metropolitan Police’s War Crimes Unit documenting how Indian forces headed by General Manoj Mukund Naravane and Home Affairs Minister Amit Shah were responsible for the “torture, kidnapping and killing of activists, journalists and civilians”, news agency Associated Press reported.

The report referring to recently carved union territory said, “There is strong reason to believe that Indian authorities are conducting war crimes and other violence against civilians in Jammu and Kashmir”.

On August 5, the Government of India abrogated Article 370 of the Indian constitution and divided the erstwhile state into two union territories- JK and Ladakh.

The request to London police was made under the principle of “universal jurisdiction,” which gives countries the authority to prosecute individuals accused of crimes against humanity committed anywhere in the world.

The international law firm in London said it believes its application is the first time that legal action has been taken abroad against Indian authorities over alleged war crimes in Kashmir.

Quoting Hakan Camuz, director of international law at Stoke White, the report said he hoped the report would convince British police to open an investigation and ultimately arrest the officials when they set foot in the U K Some of the Indian officials have financial assets and other links to Britain.

“We are asking the U K government to do their duty and investigate and arrest them for what they did based on the evidence we supplied to them. We want them to be held accountable,” Camuz was quoted as saying.

The police application was made on behalf of the family of Zia Mustafa, a jailed Pakistani militant whom Camuz said was the victim of an extrajudicial killing by Indian authorities in 2021, and the behalf of human rights campaigner Muhammad Ahsan Untoo, who was allegedly tortured before his arrest last week, the reported added further.

Kashmir is divided between India and Pakistan, which both claim the region in its entirety. In the region, tens of thousands of civilians, militants and government forces have been killed in the past two decades, it said.

Kashmiris and international rights groups have long accused Indian troops of carrying out systematic abuse and arrests of those who oppose rule from New Delhi. Rights groups have also criticized the conduct of militant groups, accusing them of carrying out human rights violations against civilians.

In 2018, the U N human rights chief called for an independent international investigation into reports of rights violations in Kashmir, alleging “chronic impunity for violations committed by security forces.”

However, the report said that India’s government has denied the alleged rights violations and maintains such claims are separatist propaganda meant to demonize Indian troops in the region.

The law firm’s investigation suggested that the abuse has worsened during the coronavirus pandemic. Its report also included details about the arrest of Khurram Parvez, the region’s most prominent rights activist, by India’s counterterrorism authorities last year.

Parvez, 42, worked for the Jammu and Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society, which has written extensive reports about Indian troops’ use of violence and torture, the news report said.

Other accounts in the report discuss journalist Sajad Gul, who was arrested earlier this month after he posted a video of family members and relatives protesting the killing of a militant commander.

Human rights lawyers have increasingly used the universal jurisdiction principle to seek justice for people who were unable to file criminal complaints in their home countries or with the International Criminal Court, located in The Hague.

Quoting Camuz, the news report said he hoped the request to British police seeking the arrest of Indian officials will be followed by other legal actions also focusing on Kashmir.

“We are sure this is not going to be the last one, there will probably be many more applications,” Camuz was quoted further saying.

 

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