Jammu & Kashmir

4,484 custodial deaths in last 2 years in India, second highest in JK: GoI

Protest over ‘custodial killing’ of 21-year-old Muslim Muneer in Srinagar on July 9 2022. Court later directed Crime Branch to register FIR against policemen involved in the killing. [Photo: Twitter]

New Delhi: In India, a total of 4,484 deaths in police custody were reported and 233 in police operations in the last two years, the Home Ministry informed Lok Sabha on Tuesday.

The GoI Minister Nityanand Rai while providing state-wise data for custodial deaths, said Uttar Pradesh reported the maximum cases, followed by West Bengal, in both years.

While Uttar Pradesh reported a total of 952 cases (451 in 2020 and 501 in 2021) in the past two years, Bengal registered 442 (185 in 2020 and 257 in 2021) during this period, Hindustan Times reported citing GoI data.

With 396 cases, Bihar reported the third highest custodial deaths in two years (159 in 2020 and 237 in 2021), Rai said in a written response to questions by Indian Union Muslim League MP Abdussamad Samadani.

Overall, 1,940 cases of custodial deaths were registered in 2020 and 2,544 in 2021, he added, as per the report.

In the south, Tamil Nadu reported a sharp jump in one year. While the state reported 63 cases in 2020, the figure rose to 109 the following year, according to data shared by the minister.

The northeastern reported lesser custodial deaths in the past two years. Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh and Tripura reported less than 10 cases during this period. Goa and Karnataka in the south did not report more than 10 cases in the two years.

The Union territories of Lakshadweep, Ladakh, Daman and Diu and Dadar and Nagar Haveli reported zero cases.

On deaths due to police operations, the minister said a total of 82 cases were reported in 2020 and 151 cases were registered in 2021.

With 54 cases in the last two years, Chhattisgarh topped the chart in this regard, the GoI minister said.

Jammu and Kashmir ranked second (five in 2020 and 50 in 2021) followed by Uttar Pradesh (16 in 2020 and 11 in 2021), Rai was quoted as saying in HT report.

The minister attributed all the above figures to the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).

“Police and public order are state subjects as per the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India. It is primarily the responsibility of the state government concerned to ensure the protection of human rights of the citizens,” Rai said, as per the report.

“However, the Central Government issues advisories from time to time and has also enacted the Protection of Human Rights Act (PHR), 1993, which stipulates the establishment of the NHRC and State Human Rights Commissions to look into the alleged human rights violations by public servants,” he was quoted further saying.


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