UN demands immediate ceasefire in Gaza, resolution adopted with 14 votes in favour, US abstains

Palestinians inspect the damage following an Israeli airstrike on the El-Remal aera in Gaza.

After 171 days of genocide in Gaza, the Security Council has passed a resolution calling for an immediate ceasefire during the month of Ramadan, aiming for a lasting and sustainable cessation of hostilities. Many speakers emphasised the resolution’s importance as an initial step, stressing the need for a permanent ceasefire.

In Gaza, Israel has killed more than 32,000 Palestinians as bombardment continues in the city since October 7, 2023.

Presenting the draft on behalf of the 10 elected Council members, the representative of Mozambique highlighted the urgent need to end the genocide in Gaza, which poses a significant threat to international peace and security. While acknowledging the adopted text’s importance, he stressed the necessity of comprehensive efforts towards lasting peace.

The Russian Federation’s representative expressed concern over last-minute attempts to weaken the resolution’s language regarding the ceasefire’s duration. Highlighting potential ambiguities, he warned against allowing Israel to resume military operations in Gaza after the temporary ceasefire ends. He proposed an oral amendment to restore the term “permanent” to the relevant paragraph.

The Council rejected the amendment with 3 votes in favour (Algeria, China, Russian Federation), 1 against (United States), and 11 abstentions.

Subsequently, the Council adopted Resolution 2728 (2024) with 14 votes in favor and 1 abstention (United States). The resolution demands an immediate ceasefire during Ramadan, respected by all parties, leading to a lasting and sustainable cessation of hostilities. It also calls for the immediate and unconditional release of all hostages and emphasises the urgent need to expand humanitarian assistance and protect civilians in Gaza.

Algeria’s delegate welcomed the resolution’s adoption as a long-awaited step towards addressing the ongoing crisis in Gaza. He emphasised the Council’s responsibility to ensure the implementation of the resolution’s provisions and expressed solidarity with the Palestinian people.

The United States representative stated that while her delegation did not support all aspects of the resolution, it acknowledges the critical objectives outlined in the text. She emphasised the importance of securing the release of all hostages alongside any ceasefire agreement.

France’s delegate underscored the significance of establishing a ceasefire and providing comprehensive humanitarian assistance to Gaza. He emphasised the Council’s role in addressing the crisis and reiterated the need for a two-State solution.

Guyana’s delegate welcomed the resolution’s adoption as a crucial step towards achieving a ceasefire in Gaza. She called for immediate efforts to ensure compliance with the resolution and previous Council resolutions.

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