Career Options—What after 12th

Selecting a good career is a nerve-racking and most confusing crossroad in the minds of students after passing their 12th in different streams. They’re always in search of a career which should be of their interest areas and it should fetch a handsome income to them in future. Therefore, choosing the best course and getting into a good field is the first choice to have best career options after 12th.

Many times the students get confused about what stream to opt after 12th and can’t decide and absorb themselves. In such a situation, the best way to choose your career option is to see what talent you have and how you can work upon that talent to get successful. 

Moreover, once you have chosen your field, you need to know which specialization you want to go for in order to define your career options for the future. 

Keeping this in mind, here are some good and lucrative career options after 12th for various fields that students can opt for.

MEDICINE: Medicine is a fast growing and demanding sector in all over world. The students can work either as a doctor or a medicinal professional in the fields post pursuing one of the best courses after 12th. 

Becoming a doctor is not a cup of tea as it requires tremendous hardwork and dedication. The list of most common career options you can opt in Medical include: MBBS, BDS, BAMS (Ayurveda), BHMS (Homeopathy), Bachelor of Pharmacy, Bachelor of Physiotherapy, Nursing, Biotechnology, B.Sc (Botany, Zoology, Nursing, Radiography), Bachelor of Occupational Therapy, Food & Agriculture Science and Ecologist. 

However, the new age career options include: Sports Physiotherapy, Health care management, Health tourism, Dietician, Biomedical engineering, Biotechnologist, Bioinformatics, Neuroinformatics, Cognitive Neuroscience, Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Science (BNYS), Environmental Science and Sustainable Development, Optometry, Audiology, Clinical research and Hospital Management. 

After completing these courses, you can work in hospitals, research laboratories, industries, pharmaceuticals, education institutes etc, with handsome earning.

ARTS: Most of the people in our society think that only weak students opt for Arts as their career option. But this is not the truth as there are a lot of career options and courses available for arts students after 12th. 

Students can choose the best course according to their area of interest and once they have completed their 12th, they can pursue on of the best courses like Liberal Arts, Bachelor of Computer Application, Bachelor of Legislative Law, Bachelor of Business Administration, Sound design, App Design, Graphical Design, Visual Merchandiser, Content Writer, Social Media Management, Fashion Design, Radio Jockey and Hotel Management. 

Many arts students can appear for UPSC, SSC, State PSUs and Bank Exams to join the bureaucracy as a career option.

ENGINEERING: It’s probably the most popular and chosen career options. Most of the parents in India want their children to do engineering. 

Every year almost 15 lakh engineers graduate according to AICTE. Engineering can be pursued if you opted for PCM after 12th. List of career options you can opt-in Engineering include: Computer Science, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics & Communication, Biotechnology, Aeronautical Engineering, Automobile Engineering, Chemical Engineering and Robotics Engineering.

However, with the advent of technology, new-age career options have emerged in the last decade that include: Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning, Data Analytics, Big Data, Data Science, Ethical Hacking, Robotics, Aerospace, Cyber Security, Physicists & Teaching, Blockchain Engineer and Game coder. 

Engineers can get jobs in many reputed companies like MNCs—Accenture, Cognizant, TCS, Infosys, TATA, Mahindra etc. They also have huge scope in many government companies like BHEL, SAIL, Hindustan Lever Ltd, DRDO, Air India, etc. They can also opt for higher studies and can prepare for ESE or IAS examination.

FINANCE: The finance sector is basically opted by commerce students after 12th. However, it is not limited to commerce students only but can also be opted by the students of Science, Arts and honors streams as a course after 12th too. 

The finance industry comprises of various sectors including Accounting, Banking and Insurance which makes your career options after 12th widespread. The students have great career option in various fields like Financial Analyst, Actuarial Scientist, Banker, Chartered Accountant, Stockbrokers, Budget Analyst, CMA, Auditing, Tax Consulting, Corporate Strategist, Wealth Management, Private Equity & Venture Capital, Investment analyst,  Risk Analyst, Economist and Auditors.

CHARTERED ACCOUNTANT: Chartered Accountant and training courses in India are managed by the Institute of Chartered Accountants in India (ICAI) and are also responsible for maintaining the quality of CA course and education in India. 

Students need to clear all the three levels i.e., CPT, IPCC and CA Final exams. It is one of the best courses after 12th that commerce students can pursue. The main role of Chartered Accountants is to deal with accounting, auditing, and financial management. There are numerous career options for CAs in India. 

They have diverse opportunities in private as well as government sectors as a career option after 12th. Nowadays, most of the companies hire CAs to deal with their tax and finance matters in an efficient way. They also have a huge scope in Finance Companies, Law firms, Banking & Insurance Sector, Investment Banking firms, Stock Broking firms, Corporate Houses, etc. 

After gaining higher education and experience, they may venture into fields like Finance Planning, Risk Assessment, and Budget management, etc.

JOURNALISM: Journalism is the art of creating, collecting and presenting information to the people. The students can pursue this course after 12th as it has best career options. This art of presenting the information can be done through two mediums—Print Media and Electronic Media. 

You can pursue B.A in Mass Media, B.A in Journalism or BSc in Journalism after 12th. Nowadays, Journalism is a very challenging career option. There are diverse career options after 12th as well in this field. You can have career opportunities in news channels, entertainment channels, newspapers and news agencies, etc. 

You can also work as News Correspondent, Editor, Feature Editor, Blogger, Columnist and News Anchor in various news agencies. However, students can also pursue higher education in Mass Media and Journalism, which are the best courses to apply for.

LAW: One of the most fundamental parts of our constitution is the Law. Law education is the only legal education in India that a student can pursue. Students are awarded lawyer posts after the completion of this degree. 

The best courses for Law available after 12th are Bachelor of Law, Integrated Undergraduate degree like BSc LLB, BA LLB, etc. 

Law is considered as a very reputed career option in India. According to the Bar Council of India, India has a great demand for skilled lawyers. Nowadays, lawyers can work in various private and government departments, ministries and legal advisory firms and organizations. Job profile includes Legal Advisor, Civil Litigation Lawyer, Criminal Lawyer, Legal Analyst, Government Lawyer, Judge and Document Drafting Lawyer. It is a good career option after 12th to pursue.

FASHION DESIGNING: Fashion Designing is one of the most creative course options after 12th. Fashion Designing involves creativity, design, manufacturing, fabric, texture, and quality of clothes. You can pursue Fashion Designing course right after 12th. 

The best courses available in India are Bachelor in Designing, BSc in Fashion Designing. 

Fashion Designing has a great scope in today’s world. There are many career options after 12th available in this field. You can have a diverse number of career options in the fashion industry, namely design houses, boutiques, textile mills, media houses, leather companies, jewellery stores, garment stores, etc. The job profile for this career option includes Costume Designer, Graphic Designer, Cutting assistant, Personal Stylist, Technical Designer etc.

TEACHING: Education plays a vital role in the development and growth of a country. Teaching can be a very demanding and challenging profession as teachers. The teachers not only provide students with academic developments but also groom the students with skills like value education, personality development, etc. The best courses after 12th in this field are B.Sc, B.A, M.Sc, M.A with B.Ed , B.P.Ed, M.P.Ed etc. 

Teaching also has great scope in a country like India. This career option can fetch you a lot. Therefore, there is a huge demand for highly skilled and qualified teachers. There are ample of opportunities in teaching sectors. However, jobs depend upon the professional course selected by you. 

Teachers can work in Education Consultancies, Schools, Colleges, etc. They can also start their own coaching center as a career option. They can work as a Nursery Teacher, College Professor, Primary Level Teacher, Secondary Level Teacher, Higher Secondary Level Teacher, Assistant Professors, etc. You can also go for Ph.D and make your career in Research.


Dr. Nisar Ahmad Dar Farhad, Lecturer in Chemistry, BHSS Arihal Pulwama 

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